Growing marijuana outdoors can be a fun summer hobby. Don't get us wrong, it requires research, planning, and some endurance—but man, is it rewarding.
Spending some time under the blazing sun while tending to your favorite strain is therapeutic.
Cultivating weed the way mother nature intended comes with plenty of benefits—the most pertinent being better yields now that your weed plants can grow bigger. It's much cheaper than operating a grow room too.
Whatever your reason might be for growing marijuana outdoors—if you focus on these four elements—you'll be well on your way to a lush harvest.
Choosing the right outdoor strain
In a perfect world, we'd be able to walk out and shove any seed in the ground, and it'll grow. Unfortunately, it's not that easy. Some strains flourish outdoors, whereas others prefer the loving warmth of a grow room. Know which is which before growing marijuana plants outdoors.
Your location could be a limiting factor, dependent on the climate—but we'll always have something for you to grow. If you live far north or south, you'll have to select cultivars with shorter growing periods as summers are fleeting.
Most seed banks will provide something like a growing marijuana outdoors step-by-step guide, which should help you navigate these questions.
Outdoor cannabis strains for cold temperate climates
In colder climates, you're probably used to short summers and long, frosty winters. You'll have to choose varieties that flower fast to make the most of the sunny season.
Timing is essential to successfully growing marijuana outdoors. If you plant your crops too late, you might miss harvest time. Planting too early comes with its host of problems. Make use of strains like Early Skunk, which flower early.
Outdoor cannabis strains for warm temperate climates
If you live in a warmer climate, you're in luck—you can grow nearly any strain. Modern cannabis cultivars love long summers and milder winters. Even though you might not have snow-laden wintertime, we wouldn't recommend growing marijuana outdoors in winter.
If you plan things right, you could do multiple harvests before summer hits the breaks. Keep a keen eye on your plants, though. With longer flowering times come higher risks of running into problems such as pests.
Four tips for growing marijuana outdoors
You’re raring to go and plant your cannabis seeds outdoors, but first, check out these top tips and be on your way to the best yields possible.
Your soil should be suitable for outdoor growing
Are you planting directly into the ground? Perhaps you're planning on growing marijuana outdoors in pots. Both work well in different setups, as long as your soil is premo.
You're looking for dark, loamy soil with great nutrient retention. A good guideline is to work with a 2:2:1 ratio of silt, sand, and clay. The growth medium should retain water as well as draining any excess moisture.
You can try your hand at blending your organic soil. Don't worry, though; it's not a must. The organic mix from your local plant market will suffice. Growing marijuana from seed outdoors calls for a somewhat acidic growing medium. You can use a soil test kit to check that your dirt has a pH of about 6.
A decent way to improve your soil and boost nutrient levels is to work some manure or mulch.
Select a gnarly spot
You want to select the best spot for growing marijuana outdoors.
Ideally, you'll want to look at stable temperatures and enough sunlight. You'll also want to make sure your cannabis plants are sheltered from harsh weather conditions.
Tips for growing marijuana outdoors all point to having a minimum of six hours of uninterrupted sunlight daily. Find the sunniest spot in your outdoor area. If you can manage between 10–12 hours even better, that's when cannabis plants are happiest.
Weed plants need loads of sunlight to fuel their growth. As the popular name suggests, they grow like weeds and love their solar power.
You can use walls and other natural structures in your garden to shelter your crops from the wind. These walls can aid in keeping your weed plants warm too.
To shield your cannabis during those exceptionally hot summer days, cover it with a shade cloth.
Feeding and watering
Growing marijuana outdoors is great but also has many factors to it. Your cannabis plants' watering needs are influenced by the container size, growing medium, plant size, and weather conditions. It’ll also change as she moves through the various stages of the marijuana life cycle.
Dry soil and wilting plants are signs that your crops need water. Overwatering is indicated with wet soil and hanging leaves.
The simplest and most affordable method is hand-watering. This way, you have total control over how much water each weed plant receives. After a while, you'll know exactly how much each strain needs. Irrigation systems are great if you have a massive plantation or plan on going away.
Unlike most other plants, growing marijuana seedlings outside requires quite a lot of nutrients. Your soil should have enough organic nutes to start your seedlings. As your cannabis plant stretches, it'll quickly deplete the natural reserves and need a top-up.
Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are most commonly used for pot plants.
We wouldn't recommend using an all-in-one fertilizer through all the stages of your plant's life-cycle. The high nitrogen levels could be detrimental to the flowering period and your yield.
Plenty of pot farmers have turned to compost tea for its nutrient-rich ingredients. Organic sources of food such as earthworm casting and molasses are excellent for your marijuana plant.
Start your plants indoors if possible
We’re sure you're tempted to start growing marijuana from seed outdoors. It's not impossible, but we wouldn't recommend it. Weed seeds are very tender and prefer being germinated indoors. Growers have a lot of success with the paper towel method.
Give yourself a bit of a head start if it's still a bit too chilly for your plants outside. You're also keeping them safe from unwanted terrors such as insects, birds, and other animals.
Gradually introduce your plants to the outside world after a couple of weeks. Put them outside for a couple of hours at a time—keeping them safe from harsh factors. This process is called hardening-off, and it protects your plants from stress.
Your crops should be good to go after a week or so. You can now leave them outside, full-time.
It's time to start growing
Growing marijuana outdoors might seem daunting—take a hit and chill out; you've got this.
You've got some great tips for growing marijuana outdoors. This experience is even more rewarding when done the way mother nature intended. It's not just the bud you'll be harvesting soon that's great for easing a troubled mind—gardening is great for stress relief.
Keep in mind that you're human, and practice makes perfect. Your first time growing marijuana outdoors might not be flawless, but you'll learn awesome lessons with every season. That said, starting your season with great seeds is a good place to start.
Benefits of growing marijuana plants outdoors:
- You save on lighting expenses with free sunshine.
- Natural ventilation prevents mold.
- Growing marijuana outdoors is great for beginners
- Practice companion planting and regenerative methods.
- The light cycle changes naturally.
- It's often more spacious—plants grow bigger.
- Loads of microbes in the soil.
Guerilla growing your marijuana outdoors.